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جنگ آنتوانت نبرد فرهاد چهارم با رومیان

پست الكترونيكي چاپ پي دي اف

 

 

جنگ آنتوانت نبرد فرهاد چهارم با رومیان

مرگ سزار و جنگهاى داخلى روم در نهايت سبب به قدرت رسيدن مارک آنتوانت و اكتاويوس شد. اكتاويوس در اروپا قدرت را در دست گرفت و آنتوانت پس از ازدواج با كلوپاتراى معروف، مصر، شمال آفريقا و آسياى نزديك را در اختيار گرفت. روم در آن سالها در اوج قدرت بود و لژيونرهاى اين كشور، دنياى متمدن آن روزگار را كاملاً تحت سيطره داشتند اما در شرق آنها موفق به ورود به خاك ايران و بعد از آن دسترسى به ثروت هندوستان نشده بودند.

انتقام كراسوس :

مارك آنتوانت و بسيارى از سرداران رومى نمى توانستند سرنوشت غم انگيز كراسوس را از ياد ببرند و فكر مى كردند بايد به هر قيمت شده انتقام خون او و ۲۰هزار لژيونر را از ايرانيان بگيرند. علاوه بر آنكه دولت پارت پس از قدرت گرفتن چندبار سعى در تصرف متصرفات روم در سوريه و آسياى صغير كرده بود و بين النهرين نيز اكنون به طور نسبى در تصرف ايران بود. بهانه جنگ در ابتدا بسيار جزئى و غيرقابل استناد بود اما بعداً آنتوانت (آنتونى) بى پرده ابراز تمايل به جنگ كرد و فرهاد چهارم پادشاه ايران نيز سعى كرد خودرا بى علاقه به جنگ نشان دهد اما در خفا به تجهيز نيروهاى خود در سمت راست ساحل فرات پرداخت. برداشت آنتوانت اين بود كه بايد با سپاهى بزرگتر از كراسوس به جنگ ايران برود و به همين دليل ۱۶لژيون بزرگ رومى (۶۰ تا ۷۰هزار نفر) را به همراه ۱۰هزار سوار و سى هزار نيروى ذخيره به سمت فرات برد. پادشاه ارمنستان نيز در اين برنامه ريزى مرگبار، سردار رومى را همراهى مى كرد و ۱۳هزار سوار وپياده براى او آماده ساخت. سپاه عظيم رومى در تابستان ۳۶قبل از ميلاد به فرات رسيد اما جبهه محكم ايرانيها او را وادار كرد تا قواى خود را تا ارمنستان عقب بكشد و در آنجا در كنار شاه ارمنستان ارتاوسدس نقشه ورود به ايران را طراحى كند؛ غافل از آنكه ايرانيان نيز در اين مدت قواى خود را به شمال ايران انتقال داده اند. سرپرسى سايكس در كتاب خود درباره لشكركشى آنتوانت مى گويد: «ارتاوسدس (شاه ارامنه) به او پيشنهاد كرد چون قشون پارت در فرات جمع هستند، بهتر است نقشه جنگ را تغيير داده از ارمنستان به آذربايجان حمله برده و پايتخت آنجا را به تصرف درآورد، چه حكمران آنجا از متفقين پارت است.» راهنمايى ارتاوسدس سبب شد آنتونى نيروهاى خود را به دوقسمت كرده و ماشين آلات جنگى و قلعه گيرى خود را با بخشى از نيروها بر جاى گذارده و به سرعت خود را به پراسپا پايتخت ماد كوچك (آذربايجان) برساند. اما وقتى به آنجا رسيد، مشاهده كرد ايرانيان آماده مقاومتند، پس در انتظار رسيدن برجهاى متحرك، منجنيق و ساير ادوات قله گيرى ماند.

آخرين ويرايش : دوشنبه, 22 آذر 1389 04:20 ادامه مطلب ...
 

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Warning: Illegal string offset 'active' in E:\servers\slsh\templates\ja_purity\html\pagination.php on line 107

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صفحه 9 از 27

ملکـــهای فــروشــی

متل قو ( سلمانشهر)

فهرست اصلی


Warning: Parameter 1 to modMainMenuHelper::buildXML() expected to be a reference, value given in E:\servers\slsh\libraries\joomla\cache\handler\callback.php on line 99

منـاطق سـلمانشهـر


Warning: Parameter 1 to modMainMenuHelper::buildXML() expected to be a reference, value given in E:\servers\slsh\libraries\joomla\cache\handler\callback.php on line 99

لینکهای سلمانشهر


Warning: Parameter 1 to modMainMenuHelper::buildXML() expected to be a reference, value given in E:\servers\slsh\libraries\joomla\cache\handler\callback.php on line 99

خرید و فروش


Warning: Parameter 1 to modMainMenuHelper::buildXML() expected to be a reference, value given in E:\servers\slsh\libraries\joomla\cache\handler\callback.php on line 99

ورود سایت

آخرین خبر


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نظرسنجی

تا حالا به سلمانشهر مسافرت کرده اید؟
 

اوقات شرعی

 
چهارشنبه
1398
مرداد
30
 

مطالب پر بیننده


Warning: Creating default object from empty value in E:\servers\slsh\modules\mod_mostread\helper.php on line 79

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